The God & Goddess
- The Pantheons
- As with any spiritual practice, it is important to define
your intent, set your goal and prepare your ritual space with
the appropriate tools and equipment. Religious practices all
over the world call upon a deity or spiritual being of some type
to assist in the practice or ritual at hand. Buddha, Jesus, God
and Archangels are often thought of as the most common examples
of spiritual deities. From a Metaphysical perspective, a practioner
may also attempt to contact an animal guide or spirit guide to
help add a measure of concentration and energy to the work being
Many traditions within the religion of Witchcraft are no different
from these other forms of practice. An alternate definition of
"spiritual deity" might be thought of, but basically
the concepts are the same. One of the common principals of Witchcraft
is the definition of the God/Goddess. That which is "God"
is the masculine essence of divine energy or the divine forces,
or the all that is; pick a label you prefer. That which is "Goddess"
is thereby the feminine essence of the same divine energy or
force. But even amongst Witchcraft practioners, this definition
exists with many others.
While many traditions of Witchcraft choose a group of pantheons
to work with, not all do. Some traditions do not work with a
God or Goddess, but rather see the Divine as a whole of which
they are part of. I alone am not the Goddess, you alone are not
the God. But you and I and all things seen and unseen make up
the Great Spirits, the Divine Consciousness, The Divine Spirit
or just the Divine Being. It has many names and labels, but it
is the creation of all things through out the multiverse.
The Greek philosopher Xenophanes (480 B.C.), pointed out a
profound truth when he observed that the gods men worship very closely
resemble the worshippers. In the words of this ancient sage: “Each man
represents the gods as he himself is. The Ethiopian as black and
flat-nosed the Thracian as red-haired and blue-eyed; and if horses and
oxen could paint, they would no doubt depict the gods as horses and
you ponder the research of 'God' or 'Goddess', one thing you should do
is delve into the historical origin and evolution of not only the
diety, but the pantheon they are associated with.
No one can truly answer the question "Which God is God?"
This philosophical question is as old as the dawn of time and
it will never be answered to the satisfaction of all the inhabitants
of earth. So don't waste your time debating the issue; no definition
is right or wrong, only what "feels" right to the practioner.
What you believe in your heart. Metaphysics and Witchcraft teach
that thought is form. Even Einstein theorized that "Thought
is energy, to create it, use your imagination." He also
theorized that "Energy is matter and can be used to affect
So whether the definition of a God or Goddess is accurate
or real doesn't matter. What matters is the thought, and energy
you put into your personal understanding and belief. If you chose
to call upon the Archangel Michael for your pantheon, then you'll
be joining your energy with the essence of Michael. The leader
of the Archangels, a fair and just angel who has compassion for
the wounded, downtrodden and meek. But who also has the strength
and skill to combat even the darkest of deadly forces in the
universe and win.
- Choosing A Pantheon
- What is a pantheon anyway? This is actually an easy one to
answer. As humans we often need form and substance by which to
work with. Especially something that's based in belief or spiritual
concepts. So very often, people will assign a symbol to what
they view as God/Goddess. An easy example, there are no known
images of Jesus Christ. Yet all over Christianity you'll see
representations of him. So that Christians can honor, and work
with their view of God and his divine Son.
- A pantheon is a group of Gods/Goddesses based on a regional
area or culture. Greek Gods/Goddesses are one Pantheon group.
Roman Gods/Goddesses would be another and so on.
- The pantheon of deities is a representation of the Divine.
A god for the masculine energy of the divine, and a goddess for
the feminine energy. Depending on your need and view, you might
work with many Gods, each representing a different aspect or
characteristic of the masculine energy of the Divine. And same
thing for the Goddess. For instance, in the Greek Pantheons,
Artemis the Goddess of Mountains and Forests is a huntress. A
Goddess who travels alone, protects nature and is strong, independent
and self reliant. Venus, the Goddess of Love, she represents
another aspect of the feminine divine spirit. She is seen from
motherly to a seductive wench. Tempting and nurturing. Depending
on what work you're doing, will depend on which Goddess you work
with, if you have chosen to work with the Greek Pantheons.
- But you don't have to chose a God or Goddess to work with
during your own rituals. Many Witches chose to work with the
Lord (the "whole" concept of the God essence) or the
Lady (the "whole" concept of the Goddess essence) exclusively.
However, others like to be a little more specific and they may
chose a God and/or Goddess that represents the "energy"
they want to invoke during a particular ritual or casting. Again,
there's no one way to approaching the work with the Divine.
If you choose to work with a Pantheon group, you want to do
a little studying first. Checkout the characteristics of the
God/Goddess, review the stories of their lives, what they accomplished
and what their general attitude was. When you find a God/Goddess
that you feel a connection with, perform a meditation and ask
this Pantheon to come to you.
Keep the following questions in mind when researching the
- In what historical period was this pantheon at it's height?
What was the geographic location and where was the birth of this
belief? How long was this pantheon generally accepted?
- Approximately how many deities were involved with the pantheon?
Which were considered the most important?
- How did the government of the time affect the religion? How
did the religious leaders treat the people? How did the religion
affect the every day lives of the people?
- What were the special symbols of the pantheon? Was there
an alphabet or magikal language associated with this pantheon?
When trying to chose your personal pantheon, keep these questions
- What pantheon or magikal system does this deity belong to?
- What was their ranking in the pantheon and why?
- Describe any physical characteristics of the deity and describe
the personality type. What tools does this deity use?
- Does this deity have a male or female counterpart?
- What holidays does this deity relate to? (Mark your calendars
if you wish to honor your Pantheon during one of their holidays).
- Mythological Pantheons
- Many ancient religions had what may seem to be a contradictory
belief in one Supreme Being who governed all the other gods of
the world. This apparent contradiction was resolved in different
ways. Among some primitive peoples it was believed that the Supreme
Being created the world and humanity but soon abandoned the creation
and withdrew to the heavens. The lesser gods were in charge of
the world thereafter. In other cases it was believed that the
many gods were simply manifestations of the One. This is the
case, for example, in Hinduism and some suggest Witchcraft as
The mythologies associated with polytheism (belief in many
gods) varied among the Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, and Teutonic
regions. There were gods for every aspect of nature and of human
life. Especially interesting were myths about young gods, such
as Osiris and Adonis, who were murdered but came back to life.
From such mythologies developed the mystery religions of Greece
One thing you don't want to do is mix pantheons during rituals
and ceremonies. If you're choosing Egyptian Gods/Goddess, don't
call upon Celtic deities as well. Mixing mythologies can be both
confusing and contradictory to your workings.
Now your pantheon does not have to be human. You can also
see the Divine as a trilogy. Some traditions see the divine as
- The God, The Goddess, when bonded together, their union creates
the whole of the trilogy and whole of the Divine Spirit. This
is called the Divine, The GreatSpirits, emphasis on the plural
aspect. But when working with the God/Goddess, an animal can
provide the representations instead of people. For instance,
when working with the God for protection, we might call upon
the Great Grizzly in male form. When working with aspect of the
mother, we call upon the Deer and so on. This view can provide
a nature/human bond for us as physical beings with that of the
spiritual nature of the Divine.
- An Introduction To Your Pantheon
do the research and study about the pantheons you wish to work with.
There are many research sites on the web, encyclopedias and you can
find a boat load of resources at Amazon.com. Don't forget to look at
the evolution of the people who honored those gods and goddesses. And
it might even be a good idea to do a little research about the origins
of mankind and the evolution and migration of people out of Africa to
the four corners of the world. You may find some surprising things
about the idealized deities you feel drawn to as you discover the
historical facts about those dieties. Take a look at other
articles on the subect as well and read other perspectives that might
not agree with your views; but may open a few avenues of thinking about
what you thought you knew. One such article that I recommend reading is
from the "Rastafarian Views on Life, Politics and Social Issues" - The Origins of Civilization - Part 4.
I will not attest to the accuracy of this article, you can review the
sources and research yourself. But I do recommend reviewing the
- When you think you know which Pantheon you'd like to call
upon; try a meditation to contact them. Introduce yourself and
explain what you would like of their service and how you would
like to work with their essence. You can try using the special
meditation How To Meet Your Spirit
Guide to meet and greet your pantheon. Simply change the
SpiritGuide to your chosen God/Goddess.
Once you have identified and met your personal God/Goddess,
stick with them as you go through the process of learning the
craft. Mixing pantheons during your learning process may create
a too much of a flux or indecisiveness in your magik. Unless
you really feel as if you have chosen the wrong alliance, stick
it out. There's a reason for everything in this world, and there
maybe a valuable lesson in this union that you're to learn and
overcome before you're ready to move on.
- Source: 1, m1,
- Created: 04.8.1999 Updated: 06.02.2008